Janakalyan School of Nursing
Po: Gulnagar, Dist: Kendrapara,
Odisha – 754211
Contact No: 9437888012, 9237550519, 9439437737
Florence Nightingale (The Lady with the Lamp) (12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. She came to prominence while serving as a manager of nurses trained by her during the Crimean War, where she organized the tending to wounded soldiers. She gave nursing a highly favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of “The Lady with the Lamp” making rounds of wounded soldiers at night.
Florence Nightingale’s most famous contribution came during the Crimean War, which became her central focus when reports got back to Britain about the horrific conditions for the wounded. On 21 October 1854, she and the staff of 38 women volunteer nurses that she trained, including her aunt Mai Smith and fifteen Catholic nuns (mobilized by Henry Edward Manning) were sent (under the authorization of Sidney Herbert) to the Ottoman Empire. Nightingale was assisted in Paris by her friend Mary Mohl. They were deployed about 295 nautical miles (546 km; 339 mi) across the Black Sea from Balaklava in the Crimea, where the main British camp was based.
Nightingale arrived early in November 1854 at Selimiye Barracks in Scutari (modern-day Uskudar in Istanbul). Her team found that poor care for wounded soldiers was being delivered by overworked medical staff in the face of official indifference. Medicines were in short supply, hygiene was being neglected, and mass infections were common, many of them fatal. There was no equipment to process food for the patients.
During her first winter at Scutari, 4,077 soldiers died there. Ten times more soldiers died from illnesses such as typhus, typhoid, cholera and dysentery than from battle wounds. With overcrowding, defective sewers and lack of ventilation, the Sanitary Commission had to be sent out by the British government to Scutari in March 1855, almost six months after Florence Nightingale had arrived. The commission flushed out the sewers and improved ventilation. Death rates were sharply reduced, but she never claimed credit for helping to reduce the death rate
Nightingale still believed that the death rates were due to poor nutrition, lack of supplies, stale air and overworking of the soldiers. After she returned to Britain and began collecting evidence before the Royal Commission on the Health of the Army, she came to believe that most of the soldiers at the hospital were killed by poor living conditions. This experience influenced her later career, when she advocated sanitary living conditions as of great importance. Consequently, she reduced peacetime deaths in the army and turned her attention to the sanitary design of hospitals and the introduction of sanitation in working-class homes.
The Lady with the Lamp
The Lady with the Lamp popular lithograph reproduction of a painting by Henrietta Rae, 1891.
During the Crimean war, Florence Nightingale gained the nickname “The Lady with the Lamp” from a phrase in a report in She is a ‘ministering angel’ without any exaggeration in these hospitals, and as her slender form glides quietly along each corridor, every poor fellow’s face softens with gratitude at the sight of her. When all the medical officers have retired for the night and silence and darkness have settled down upon those miles of prostrate sick, she may be observed alone, with a little lamp in her hand, making her solitary rounds.
The phrase was further popularized by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s 1857 poem
Lo! in that house of misery
A lady with a lamp I see
Pass through the glimmering gloom,
And flit from room to room.
Choosing a right career is a dilemma for most of the students who have just completed pre-university. Every parent intends to place his / her child into good courses that would offer a bright future. Choice of a career and placement is a challenging process because of lack of Guidance and increasing competition.
However, the youth must never compromise with their vision (dreams) and aspirations and enter into any occupation just because ‘there was no other option’. Nursing, during recent times has emerged as a promising career choice (rather an option, for many a young boys and girls. This is evident from the rapid mushrooming of institutions, offering nursing education. The art of nursing the sick and the wounded had been handed down to us from time immemorial. It is left to the new generation to develop that art and keep that flame of knowledge alive and glowing (D.P. Karmarkar, Union Minister, 1960). Till mid 20th century nursing was considered a vocation and a noble profession and young aspirants (mostly girls) who felt ‘a calling’ joined.
Nurse Education consists in the theorical and practical training provided to nurses with the purpose to prepare them for their duties as nursing care professionals. This education is provided to nursing students by experienced nurses and other medical professionals who have qualified or experienced for educational tasks.
Nursing School is a type of educational institution, or part thereof, providing education and training to become a fully qualified nurse.
Present aims Among nurse educators, arguments continue about the ideal balance of practical preparation and the need to educate the future practitioner to manage healthcare and to have a broader view of the practice. To meet both requirements, nurse education aims to develop a lifelong learner who can adapt effectively to changes in both the theory and practice of nursing.
On completion of the course, the ANM/Female Health Worker will be able to:
A ANM can find employment as a clinician in government or private hospitals, in nursing homes / clinics / health departments, in medical services of army / navy or air force, in charitable institutions